FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How many pads do I need?
It is normally recommended to start out with 2 pads per application (compounding, polishing, etc) In some cases you will need more.

How often do I clean pads?
It is recommended to clean pads between polishing areas as to avoid build-up of chemical which may induce scratches and will also extend pad life.

How long do pads last?
With proper maintenance of pads between uses, they will last many years. If they are not cared fo, that will decrease life.

Which pad to start with?
It is always recommended to start out with softest pad and work to more aggressive. If not, you will create more work for yourself.

Why Buff and Shine?
Our pads are manufactured in the USA with the highest quality materials and best durability.

How do I clean pads?
For foam pads, cleaning can be done with dish soap and water solution or APC. For wool pads, spurring the pad with proper spur is recommended.

How do I size pads?
It is recommended to use pads at least ½” bigger than backing plate on machine.

What is Hook and Loop?
This is the fastening system for which a pad mounts to a backing plate. Hook is on the plate and loop is on the pad. One brand is Velcro.

Why thin pads?
Thin pads are starting to be a trend since they perform faster than thicker pads and give more control.

How do I clean microfiber pads?
Microfiber are cleaned while in service with a soft brush or compressed air. After usage, they should be washed.

What is the most common pads?
The most common and basic set up are orange (cutting), green (polishing), blue (finishing). From there you can build your selection to fit your needs.

Do I need to use a wool pad?
Wool has been around long time. It cuts fast and runs cool, but may leave marks. Its best performance is on a rotary machine. In most cases you do not get best results with wool pads on a random orbital.

Is centering the pad important?
Yes, centering will help machine run smooth and prevent abnormal wear or equipment and also reduce vibration during use.

What does “reticulated” mean?
Reticulated means open cell

Are all foam pad companies the same?
 At Buff and Shine we used foams specifically designed for polishing purposes. Other manufacturers use foams based on colors and not performance.

Is there a standard color scheme of pads in the industry?
No, there is no set standard. Foams and color vary between manufacturers, meaning, not all whites are same, not all oranges are same, etc.

Why choose Buff and Shine?
We stand behind our products 100% and have the best customer service in the industry.

Do you make custom products?
Yes, we can make custom products with reasonable minimums.

Do you sell factory direct?
No, we sell through distributors. If your local distributor does not carry our brand, please feel free to call us to find one that does.

Always use 1 pad per chemical.
It is not good practice to use one pad for more than one chemical during a buffing session. This creates cross-contamination which reduces performance of pads and chemicals.

Are you pads just for cars?
No, are pads are also used in the marine, aerospace and composite industry.

Do you private label?
Yes, we can private label on the bag in most cases and also on the pads with required minimums.

Application Charts

BUFFING FOAMS

Buffing and polishing your car with foam pads has been around for many years.  Foam pads work allot differently than wool pads as far as cut, feel and performance.  There are many new technological advances in the foam pad industry and I am writing this to help give you more information so you are able to choose the correct foam for your next job.

There are many ways to identify foam pads in the industry.  PPI is a generic way of distinguishing foam, but not the 100% correct way.  Since there are so many ways to measure foam, we are going to start here with the basic.

OPEN CELL and CLOSED CELL

The first and basic thing to understand about foam is whether it is open or closed cell.  Many open cell foams start out as closed cell and are “reticulated” to produce open cell.  “Reticulation” is a process used in processing foam where they take the bun of foam, put in in a concrete and controlled room, fill the room with hydrogen so the foam can absorb it, and then they ignite the foam.  This process causes the membrane or window of the foam to wrap around the branches.  The window/membrane on foam is the transparent thin layer in between the branches.  The branch is what you feel by hand in the foam when you touch it.  If you look at foam under a microscope, you will see the branches and windows.  Foam that has been reticulated is open cell and foam no reticulated is closed cell.

Once you reticulate a foam it may become stronger in its tearing characteristics.  Reticulated or “open cell” foam run much cooler on the surface as compared to closed cell foams.  The reason for this is that with the cells being open, they are allowed to let air pass thru them to dissipate heat.  With this happening, there may be a chance the chemical you are working with may dry faster and possibly dust since the lubricant in it is getting dried with the air passing thru the foam.

 There are Pros and Cons to each of the foams, and each type works differently with all chemicals:

Keep in mind that not all foams work the same way with all chemicals.  In many instances, it can be trial and error.

There are many other ways foams are measured, this is just a starting point so you are able to pick the best foam for your project.

 

APPLICATION CHARTS ARE COARSES TO FINE

US FOAMS
WHITE 45 PPI HEAVY CUT
YELLOW 50 PPI MEDIUM CUT
GREEN 60 PPI POLISHING
BLUE 70 PPI  SOFT POLISHING
BLACK 80 PPI FINISHING
SOFT WHITE 90 PPI ULTRA FINISHING
BABY BLUE 100 PPI  FINAL FINISHING

EURO FOAMS
YELLOW HEAVY CUT
ORANGE MEDIUM CUT
WHITE POLISHING
BABY BLUE SOFT POLISHING
RED ULTIMATE FINISHING

EXTREME RETICULATED FOAMS
COARSE GREEN EXTREME CUT
COARSE ORANGE MEDIUM CUT
MAROON POLISHING
RED FINISHING

URO-TEC “OPEN CELL”
COARSE BLUE HEAVY CUT
MAROON MEDIUM CUT
YELLOW POLISHING
WHITE FINISHING

URO-CELL “CLOSED CELL”
LIGHT BLUE CUTTING
ORANGE POLISHING
RED FINISHING

STANDARD WOOL PADS
100% WOOL 4 PLY NATURAL CUTTING
WOOL BLEND SINGLE PLY NATURAL MEDIUM CUT
WOOL BLEND 4 PLY TWIST YELLOW MEDIUM CUT/POLISHING
WOOL BLEND SINGE PLY WHITE POLISHING
WOOL BLEND SINGLE PLY YELLOW POLISHING/FINISHING
KNITTED WOOL BLEND  LIGTH POLISH/FINISHING
KNITTED 100% WOOL NATURAL FINAL FINISHING

INDUSTRIAL WOOL PADS
ALTERNATE STITCH DUAL STRAND WOOL BLEND AGGRESSIVE CUTTING & LONG LASTING